Education Credits are for Children? Think Again!

|

WorthTax Education Credits

If you think that education credits are just for sending your children to college, think again—the credits are available to you, your spouse (if you are married), and your dependents. Even if you or your spouse is only attending school part-time, you still may qualify for a tax credit.

There are two education-related credits available: the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) and the Lifetime Learning Credit (LLC). For either credit, the student must be enrolled in an eligible educational institution for at least one academic period (semester, trimester, or quarter) during the year. An eligible educational institution is any accredited public, nonprofit, or proprietary post-secondary institution that can participate in the U.S. Department of Education’s student aid programs. The credits phase out for higher-income taxpayers who are married filing jointly or who are unmarried. Those who are married filing separately do not qualify for either credit.

The following table provides the qualifications and details for both credits:

QUALIFICATIONS AOTC LLC
Allowance Period First 4 years of postsecondary education Any postsecondary education for any number of years
Enrollment Must be considered at least a half-time student by the educational institution Not required to be enrolled at least half-time
Program Type Must be pursuing a program leading to a degree or another recognized educational credential Not required to be enrolled for the purpose of obtaining a degree or other credential
Credit Applied Per student Per family
Credit Amount 100% of the first $2,000 and 25% of the next $2,000 in qualified expenses 20% of up to $10,000 in qualified expenses
Credit Refundable?* 40% No, can only reduce tax
Qualified Expenses Qualified tuition and related expenses, which include books, supplies and equipment required for enrollment or attendance Qualified tuition and related expenses; the books, supplies and equipment must be purchased from the educational institution
High-Income AGI Phase-out Ranges Married Filing Jointly: $160,000 to $180,000 Married Filing Separately: No credit allowed Unmarried: $80,000 to $90,000
Claim Both Credits on Same Return? Yes, but not for the same student

 *Generally, credits are non-refundable, meaning that they can only be used to offset your tax liability; any amount exceeding your current-year tax liability is lost. However, unlike other credits, the AOTC is partially refundable in most cases.

Many individuals who both work and attend school can be enrolled less than half-time and still qualify for the LLC. Another interesting twist to education credits is that the taxpayer who qualifies for and claims the student’s exemption for the year gets the credit—even if someone else pays the expenses. Thus, for example, even if a noncustodial parent pays a child’s college expenses, the custodial parent gets the credit if he or she is otherwise qualified. The same applies when grandparents help pay for their grandchild’s education: the grandparents do not qualify for the credit unless they, and not the child’s parents, claim the student as a dependent. Generally, the educational institution sends a Form 1098-T to the taxpayer (or dependent). This includes the information necessary to complete the IRS form and claim the credit. Sometimes the 1098-T needs to be retrieved online from the educational institution. The law requires the taxpayer to have this 1098-T in hand to claim either of the credits, but credit can be claimed for other qualified expenses. The qualifying expenses for the AOTC and LLC differ in many cases.

See the table below for which expenses qualify for the credits.

DEDUCTIBILITY OF EXPENSES
EXPENSE NOTES AOTC LLC
Apprenticeship Programs Post-2018 – Fees, Books, Supplies, Equipment Required to participate in an apprenticeship program registered and certified with the Secretary of Labor under Section 1 of the National Apprenticeship Act. No No
Computer If needed for attendance at the educational institution See Notes  No
Computer Software If needed for attendance at the educational institution. Software for sports, games, hobbies only if educational in nature See Notes No
Course Materials and Supplies For the LLC, only if purchased from the institution as a condition of attendance Yes See Notes
Equipment If required for enrollment or attendance Yes No
Fees If required for enrollment or attendance Yes Yes
Fees, Bundled Must be allocated between qualified and personal fees Yes Yes
Fees, Non-Academic Only if they are required to be paid to attend Yes Yes
Fees, Student Activity If paid to the educational institution Yes Yes
Insurance No No
Medical No No
Room & Board No No
Travel Expenses No No
Tuition: Higher Education Yes Yes
Tuition: Hobbies, Sports, Games, Non-Credit Courses If part of student’s degree program for AOTC and LLC. For LLC if required to acquire or improve job skills. See Notes See Notes 

If you have questions about how these education tax credit provisions apply to you or if you are missing out on credit, please give this office a call.

For more information, call Alex Franch at 781.789.7200. WorthTax has locations in Norwell, Dedham, and Weymouth, Massachussetts.
Alex Franch

Mr. Franch is a Tax Specialist and Partner at Joseph Cahill & Associates / WorthTax. He has a diverse background including a Bachelor of Science from Boston College in Mathematics and extensive military service. Mr. Franch is an Enrolled Agent and has eight years of tax preparation experience. He has been serving individuals, families, and businesses for several years with tax and financial planning strategies and is a junior partner with the firm. Mr. Franch is licensed by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) with a Series 6, 63, 65, and 7, and by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Division of Insurance.